Bhagat Singh



भगतसिंह और उनके साथियों के सम्पूर्ण उपलब्ध दस्तावेज़

Bhagat Singh was born in Khatkar Kalan (the place which is now a part of Pakistan), Punjab in the year 1907. His family was completely involved in India’s struggle for freedom. In fact, around the time of Bhagat Singh’s birth his father was in imprisonment due to his involvement in political agitation. Inspired by the family atmosphere, Bhagat Singh dived into the freedom struggle at the tender age of thirteen.

Bhagat Singh’s Education

As mentioned above, Bhagat Singh’s family was deeply involved in the freedom struggle. His father supported Mahatma Gandhi and when the later called for boycotting government aided institutions, Singh was asked to leave school. He was 13 when he left school and joined the National College at Lahore. There he studied about the European revolutionary movements that inspired him immensely.

Shift in Bhagat Singh’s Ideology

While Bhagat Singh’s family supported the Gandhian ideology completely and he too had been working in accordance with it for a while, he soon became disillusioned with the same. He felt that non-violent movements wouldn’t get them anywhere and the only way to fight the British is by armed conflict. Two major incidences during his teenage contributed to the shift in his ideology. These were the Jallianwala Bagh Masacre that took place in 1919 and the killing of the unarmed Akali protesters at Nankana Sahib in the year 1921.

After the Chauri Chaura incident, Mahatma Gandhi announced the withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation movement. Bhagat Singh did not conform to his decision and cut off from the non-violent movements led by Gandhi. He then joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began advocating violence as a means to drive the British out. He took part in numerous such revolutionary acts and inspired several youths to join the same.

Interesting Facts about Bhagat Singh

Here are some interesting and lesser known facts about Shaheed Bhagat Singh:

Bhagat Singh was an avid reader and felt that to inspire the youth it was essential to write revolutionary articles and books rather than merely distributing pamphlets and leaflets. He wrote several revolutionary articles for Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine, the “Kirti” and certain newspapers.
His publications include Why I Am An Atheist: An Autobiographical Discourse, Ideas of a Nation and The Jail Notebook And Other Writings. His works hold relevance even today.
He left his home when his parents forced him to get married stating if he married in slave India his bride shall only be died.
Though born in a Sikh family, he shaved his head and beard so that he could not be recognized and arrested for killing the British official, John Saunders.
He did not offer any defence at the time of his trial.
He was sentenced to be hanged on 24th March 1931 however he was executed on the 23rd It is said that no magistrate wanted to supervise his hanging.

Bhagat Singh was just 23 years old when he happily gave his life for the country. His death proved to be an inspiration for several Indians to join the struggle for freedom. His supporters gave him the title, Shaheed (the martyr). He was indeed a martyr in the true sense.

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